Friday, March 27, 2009


Methadone is one of a number of synthetic opiates (also called opioids) that are manufactured for medical use and have similar effects to heroin. Methadone and Subutex (Buprenorphine) are used as opiate substitutes for heroin in the treatment of heroin addiction.


Street names for drugs can vary around the country. Mixture, meth, linctus, physeptone

The effects
Opiates are sedative drugs that depress the nervous system. They slow down body functioning and reduce physical and psychological pain. The effect is usually to give a feeling of warmth, relaxation and detachment.
Methadone can help to relieve feelings of anxiety.
See also the effects of heroin.

Chances of getting hooked
Methadone doesn't deliver the same degree of buzz or high as heroin. It allows people to tackle their psychological addiction and stabilize their lifestyle when used as a substitute for heroin. Such treatment may be continued for a long period of time in some cases.
In treatment, opiate substitution therapy, such as methadone and Buprenorphine, is usually aimed initially at obliterating withdrawal symptoms and supporting stabilisation of health and lifestyle. The dose can subsequently then be reduced slowly by agreement until the user is off the drug completely.
There are still problems with heroin withdrawal symptoms, but this method is much less severe than going 'cold turkey'.

Appearance and use
The methadone that's prescribed to people trying to come off ‘street’ heroin is usually a liquid which is swallowed, but it can come in tablet or injectable form. Subutex (Buprenorphine) is dissolved in the mouth. Effects can start quickly and can last several hours.

The risks
*Some people are sick the first time they take it and they can become constipated.
*With high doses, the sedation dominates and users feel sleepy. Too much and you can fall into a coma or stop breathing completely.
*Many women don't have periods when they use opiates regularly. If they cut down, or stop, the periods may return.

*Opiates may possibly increase the risk of miscarriage and still births and opiate users may give birth to smaller babies. It's not a good idea to stop using opiates suddenly if you're pregnant as this can cause premature labour and miscarriage. Methadone may be continued throughout pregnancy to minimize such risk.

No comments:

Post a Comment